Woman is the beauty of this universe. We will get an accurate idea of the rights that Islamic law has given to women when we get acquainted with the status of women in other religions and then compare them with the rights that Islam has given them. The first glimpse of the un-Islamic system and laws that are prevalent around the world regarding the sensitive gender.
1) Roman Lai:
Here we first take a brief look at Roman law.
In this line, the head of the family had the power over the rest of the family, whether he was a wife or a daughter-in-law, a son or a daughter or a grandson, to buy and sell, to inflict any kind of torture and even to kill, He also had the right to be deprived. The girls did not own property and were deprived of their father’s inheritance.
2) Greek law:
Under Greek law, a woman lived under the tutelage of her guardian before marriage and after marriage. She did not have the right to dispose of her property or her life.
The father sold his daughter, and the future husband bought her. After that, her husband had full authority to keep her in his marriage or to hand her over to someone else. (Mohammad Hurriyat Al-Zujeen, p. 2 by Dr. Abdul Rahman Saboni)
The details given by the Christians themselves, not the non-Christians, are enough to teach a lesson.
For example, says Herbert Spencer, a Christian English philosopher: “In the eleventh and fifteenth centuries (until about eight hundred years after the resurrection of Muhammad) wives were commonly sold in England. Christian religious courts have enacted a law giving the husband the right to lend his wife to another person for as long as he wants. (The Mirror between Jurisprudence and Law p. 2)
And in the 16th century, almost a thousand years after the Prophet’s resurrection, the Scottish Parliament passed a law that a woman would not have the right to own anything, and most of all Surprisingly, the British Parliament passed a law banning women from reading the Gospel.
(The Mirror between Jurisprudence and Law p. 2)
In modern Judaism (which obviously has a difficult time), women did not have the right to inherit at all, whether they were wives, daughters, mothers or sisters, although the eldest son received twice as much as the younger. پاتا۔ (Heritage and Heritage, p. 5)
5) Hindu Dharma:
We briefly mention what we find in Hinduism about women’s rights, etc., with reference to the Encyclopedia of Religion and Etaies.
There are eight types of marriages recognized in the Smriti (an authoritative book on Hinduism), one of which is called Asura. This method was common among warriors and people of previous castes, in which women were bought. Similarly, a type of (marriage) name is “Rakshish”, in which a woman was forcibly seized. (Encyclopedia vol. 1, pp. 2-4)
In Hinduism, apart from marriage (dawa), another contract was also recognized, which is called “navag”.
In this case, another person can marry a married woman for a short period of time. The children born in this way are considered to be of the real husband and this type of marriage (nyug) can also take place with ten men. For details see collection of lectures by Swami Dayanand Saraswati (Apadish Manjri, p. 5, by Swami Dayanand Saraswati, published by Secretary Arya Mandal Kirana District Muzaffarnagar)
6) What did Islam give to women?
Now look at the status of women in Islam and what kind of concessions have been given to them in the Shariah laws.
Concerning women, Allaah says in the Qur’aan: Ashroo hun bal ma’roof (live well with women) and in the hadeeth it says: Astu swab al-nisaa khairaa (accept my advice in treating women well) but At the same time, he instructed that if any harm befalls women, forgive them, thinking that they also have many virtues.
In a hadeeth, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“Perfect faith belongs to the person who excels in good morals and the best of you is the person who is good to his women.”
1) Women’s expenses:
The command to treat a woman well, to treat her with respect and even with kindness, is based on her gender sensitivity and on the basis of concession, because the delicate thing is discounted.
In a saheeh hadeeth, his delicacy has been acknowledged by calling him Qawarir (Abgina).
On this basis, he was saved from the hardships of earning a living. And its maintenance was entrusted to some man. On the father before marriage, in case of not having a father or not being able to bear his expenses, according to the rules of inheritance on grandfather, uncle, brothers, etc., on the husband after marriage, in the form of separation from the husband. Expenses are the responsibility of the husband, even after the ‘iddah in the presence of the infant, as long as the child continues to breastfeed, the expenses are the responsibility of the husband.
2) Women’s options:
When a woman becomes an adult, like a man, she is completely independent in terms of Shariah law regarding her life and property, marriage, financial transactions, etc. She owns all her property. Just like a man can spend wherever he wants and as much as he wants.
3) Shari’ah privilege in a woman’s inheritance:
No religion, country or nation in the world has declared a woman to be entitled to inheritance, but Islam, just like a man, has made a woman deserving of inheritance and has not made any difference in terms of gender, age and number. (For example, the first offspring gets an inheritance or only the male gets it, the rest does not get it) because when all are equal in entitlement to offspring, why should there be any difference in the right received on that basis.
4) Inheritance system of Islam:
Due to this system, mothers, daughters and wives cannot be deprived of development under any circumstances. In addition, in many cases, grandchildren, grandmothers, grandmothers, sisters (all three types of real, alati, akhyafi) and in some cases, paternal grandchildren are also entitled to inherit. (Seraji: The Famous Book of Inheritance)
Lucky are the women who opened their eyes to the Muslim family and those women who later converted to Islam deserve more praise. It turned out that Islam is the only religion that is the protector of women and the true advocate of their rights. May Allah be our supporter and helper.